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來自:臨沂鑫領廢舊物資回收有限公司 發布日期:2019-6-14
核心提示:我國雖然是電纜制造大國,但産業集中度不夠,産業大而不強,難以全面參與全球化競争,産業鍊中高附加值産品很少有企業涉足,如航空航天、潛艇、核電、軍工、電子、汽車線束、高壓電纜附件、高壓電纜超淨電纜料等高端産品及原材料主要依靠進口。
一、我國電線電纜行業發展現狀概述

電線電纜作為國民經濟中最大的配套行業之一,是各産業的基礎,其産品廣泛應用于電力、建築、民用、通信、船舶、軍工、航空以及石油化工等領域。電線電纜按用途可分為電力電纜、電氣裝備電纜、繞組線、裸電線、通信電纜和電線及電纜配件,從2017年我國電線電纜行業細分市場規模占比情況來看,電力電纜占據電線電纜業務的最大部分,規模占比35.7%,其次是電氣裝備電纜、繞組線,分别占比20%和15.7%。
I. Overview of the Current Development of China's Wire and Cable Industry



As one of the largest supporting industries in the national economy, wires and cables are the foundation of various industries. Their products are widely used in electric power, construction, civil, communications, ships, military, aviation, petrochemical and other fields. Wires and cables can be divided into power cables, electrical equipment cables, winding cables, bare cables, communication cables and cables and cable accessories according to their uses. According to the proportion of market segments in China's wire and cable industry in 2017, power cables occupy the largest part of wire and cable business, accounting for 35.7%, followed by electrical equipment. Cables and windings account for 20% and 15.7% respectively.


近年來,我國電線電纜行業保持了較快發展勢頭,作為國民經濟的最重要的支撐産業之一,電線電纜行業在中國有着廣闊的市場。根據近幾年的情況來看,我國電線電纜行業銷售收入總體呈現上升趨勢,其中2016年銷售收入創新高達13924億元,2017年電線電纜銷售收入出現小幅下降,為13513億元。随着我國對基礎設施投入的加大,以及新能源、軍工、海洋工程、軌道交通、特高壓、智能電網的發展得到進一步貫徹落實,市場對電線電纜的需求在不斷增強,尤其是在高端裝備用電纜方面,未來我國電線電纜行業銷售收入仍将進一步增加。

In recent years, China's wire and cable industry has maintained a relatively rapid development momentum. As one of the most important supporting industries of the national economy, the wire and cable industry has a broad market in China. According to the situation in recent years, the sales revenue of China's wire and cable industry shows an overall upward trend, including sales revenue innovation in 2016 as high as 1392.4 billion yuan, in 2017, sales revenue of wire and cable declined slightly, to 135.13 billion yuan. With the increasing investment in infrastructure and the further implementation of the development of new energy, military, marine engineering, rail transit, UHV and smart grid, the market demand for wires and cables is increasing, especially in the field of high-end equipment cables. In the future, the sales revenue of China's wire and cable industry will continue to increase.

  報錯
電力電纜回收

二、全球電力電纜行業發展情況

電力電纜作為電線電纜業務占比最大的部分,近幾年來行業發展迅速,從全球市場來看,2012年到2017年電力電纜行業市場規模逐年增加,雖然2015年之後市場規模增速有所下滑,但總體仍不變增長态勢,2017年全球電力電纜行業市場規模為2073億美元,同比2017年增幅為7.9%。

II. Global Development of Power Cable Industry



As the largest part of cable business, power cable industry has developed rapidly in recent years. From the global market perspective, the market size of power cable industry has increased year by year from 2012 to 2017. Although the growth rate of market size has declined since 2015, the overall growth trend remains unchanged. The global market size of power cable industry in 2017 is 207.3 billion US dollars, an increase of 7.7 billion compared with that in 2017. .9%.
電力電纜回收

從2017年全球電力電纜行業市場結構分布情況來看,其中亞洲占比最大為39%,其次為歐洲和美洲,分别占比27%和25%,其他地區僅占9%。随着近幾年亞洲等新興國家經濟發展加快,全球電力電纜的生産逐漸向亞洲轉移,中國也借此機遇帶動了國内電力電纜市場的快速發展。
According to the distribution of global power cable industry market structure in 2017, Asia accounted for 39% of the total, followed by Europe and America, accounting for 27% and 25% respectively, while other regions accounted for only 9%. With the acceleration of economic development in Asia and other emerging countries in recent years, global power cable production has gradually shifted to Asia. China has also taken this opportunity to promote the rapid development of the domestic power cable market.

電力電纜回收

三、我國電力電纜行業産業鍊分析

作為電線電纜的一個重要分支,電力電纜産業鍊結構與電線電纜産業鍊結構基本相同,從我國電線電纜行業的産業鍊結構圖來看,電線電纜行業上遊主要包括銅、鋁、橡膠、絕緣塑料以及其他輔料,電線電纜行業的下遊行業則涉及範圍較廣,包括電力、發電、通信、鐵路、石油化工、礦山、船舶等重要的國民經濟領域,其需求受宏觀經濟狀況影響較大,屬于順周期行業。

III. Analysis of China's Power Cable Industry Chain



As an important branch of wire and cable industry, the structure of power cable industry chain is basically the same as that of wire and cable industry chain. From the industrial chain structure chart of China's wire and cable industry, the upstream of wire and cable industry mainly includes copper, aluminium, rubber, insulating plastics and other accessories, while the downstream industry of wire and cable industry covers a wide range, including power, power generation and communication. Railway, petrochemical, mining, shipping and other important areas of national economy, whose demand is greatly affected by macroeconomic conditions, belongs to pro-cyclical industries.
電力電纜回收

電線電纜行業是典型的“料重工輕”行業,在原材料中,銅和鋁是最重要的基礎材料,占到電線電纜成本的70%以上。從2011-2018年我國銅材産量來看,2011-2016年我國銅材産量逐年上升,2016年銅材産量達2096萬噸,但近幾年銅材産量出現下滑,2018年銅材産量下滑至1716萬噸,銅材價格受此影響出現波動,原材料價格的波動也必将影響下遊電力電纜市場。

The wire and cable industry is a typical industry of "heavy material, light industry". Among the raw materials, copper and aluminium are the most important basic materials, accounting for more than 70% of the cost of wire and cable. From the output of copper in China in 2011-2018, the output of copper in 2011-2016 is increasing year by year. The output of copper in 2016 is 20.96 million tons. However, the output of copper has declined in recent years. The output of copper in 2018 has declined to 17.16 million tons. The price of copper has fluctuated, and the price fluctuation of raw materials will also affect the downstream power cable market.
資料來源:國家統計局,華經産業研究院整理

四、我國電力電纜行業生産情況

從2011-2018年我國電力電纜生産情況來看,其中2011年到2014年電力電纜産量呈現較快增長的态勢,2016年達到最高産量5677.83萬公裡,此後電力電纜産量開始呈現下降趨勢,主要由于上遊原材料價格波動的影響,對行業毛利率的影響較為明顯,2017年電力電纜産量下降為4933.6萬公裡,2018年我國電線電纜産量為4532.07萬公裡。


資料來源:國家統計局,華經産業研究院整理

我國雖然是電纜制造大國,但産業集中度不夠,産業大而不強,難以全面參與全球化競争,産業鍊中高附加值産品很少有企業涉足,如航空航天、潛艇、核電、軍工、電子、汽車線束、高壓電纜附件、高壓電纜超淨電纜料等高端産品及原材料主要依靠進口。由于高端研發創新能力不足,緻使國内電線電纜産品高度同質化,低價格成為市場主要競争手段,部分中低端産品領域已存在嚴重産能過剩。
IV. Production Situation of Power Cable Industry in China



From the production situation of power cable in China from 2011 to 2018, the output of power cable shows a rapid growth trend from 2011 to 2014, reaching a maximum output of 56.778 million kilometers in 2016. Since then, the output of power cable has begun to show a downward trend, mainly due to the fluctuation of upstream raw material prices, which has a more obvious impact on the gross profit rate of the industry. In 2017, the output of power cable has dropped to 49.77 million kilometers. 336,000 kilometers. In 2018, China's output of wires and cables was 45.320.07 million kilometers.




Source: National Bureau of Statistics, Huajing Institute of Industry



Although China is a big cable manufacturing country, its industry concentration is insufficient, its industry is large but not strong, and it is difficult to fully participate in global competition. Few enterprises are involved in high-value-added products in the industrial chain, such as aerospace, submarines, nuclear power, military industry, electronics, automotive wiring harness, high-voltage cable accessories, ultra-clean high-voltage cable materials and other high-end products and raw materials mainly rely on imports. Due to the lack of high-end R&D innovation capability, the domestic wire and cable products are highly homogeneous, and low price has become the main means of competition in the market. There are serious overcapacity in some areas of low-end products.

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